In Malta, education
is compulsory between the ages of five and sixteen. Education is
completely free in State and Church institutions.
About 30% of the
national student population attend non-State schools. The vast majorities
of these are Catholic Church schools run by Religious Orders and
funded by the State. There is also a growing number of privately
funded independent schools.
Compulsory education is sub-divided into a six year primary cycle
(5 to 10+ years) and five years of secondary education (11 to 16
years). In general, the Maltese educational system aims to cater
for the needs of all pupils, irrespective of their academic abilities
or vocational interests. Throughout the whole educational cycle
the government is committed to a policy of inclusive education,
where children with special needs are integrated into the mainstream.
Education - (ages 3-5)
is co-educational and caters for children aged between three and
five years and is full time. This is provided in kindergarten centers
that are attached to primary schools and fall under the responsibility
of the Head of the primary school. At this level no formal teaching
takes place. Educational activity is aimed to develop the children's
social attitudes, language and communication skills in preparation
for primary education. Although attendance at pre-primary level
is voluntary about ninety-five (95%) of the age cohort attend.
Education - (ages 5-10+)
is co-educational and covers the ages five to ten plus. Classes
never exceed 30 pupils. The size of the schools varies from those
with a population (including kindergarten pupils) of less than one
hundred to larger schools with a population of approximately eight
The core subjects
at primary level are Maltese, Maths, Science, Social Studies, Religious
Education, Physical Education and the Expressive Arts. At primary
level , the class teacher decides on the level at which to teach,
within certain guidelines. The years 2000-2007 will see the gradual
introduction of technology education in this sector.
schools have their own way of selecting and recruiting students.
Assessment is also carried out independently by individual schools,
and there is an increasing use of monitoring services provided by
Education (ages 11-16)
is available to all students who successfully complete primary education.
State and Church Secondary schools are single sex. The majority
of schools have a population of less than 550 students. At the age
of 11, students generally sit for a qualifying, non competitive
examination. Those who pass are admitted into Junior Lyceums, which
are schools for higher achievers, while the other students start
attending General Secondary Schools. There is a special provision
for poor achievers who receive a simplified and less demanding type
of secondary education.
In the first two
years of secondary education classes may have up to 30 students
while in the last three years classes may not have more than 25
students. Each class is assigned to a Form Teacher who monitors
the progress of students under his/her care.
are invited to participate in the Union's consultation processes
which are held regularly. These consultation processes assist the
Union to devise policies, strategies and procedures.
here for details.